What is FPA in Mepco Electricity Bills?

FPA in mepco electricity bill stands for Fuel Price Adjustment. This charge is a result of the increase or decrease in the prices of the fuel used to generate electricity. It is included in your monthly statement so that you can see how the prices of fuel have affected the cost of your electricity. The fpa is a way for MEPCO to recover the cost of generating electricity, and it is not a profit center for the company. It is reviewed on a monthly basis, and the charges may change from month to month. If you have any questions about the fpa, you can contact MEPCO customer service.

If you are a customer of MEPCO i.e Multan Electric Power Company then you might have received your electricity bill in which you must have seen the term “FPA”. Let’s find out the meaning of FPA and how it affects your total electricity bill. So let’s get started without any further ado!

What does FPA stand for?

FPA in MEPCO electricity bill is the Fuel Price Adjustment. This is the charge that is added to your monthly electricity bill to reflect the changes in the cost of fuel used to generate electricity. FPA or Fuel Price Adjustment is an additional amount that is included in your monthly electricity bill. The reason for including this amount is the fluctuating prices of fuel i.e. natural gas, oil, etc. This price adjustment is done so that the customers don’t have to bear the brunt of these fluctuations.

The FPA is based on the changes in the cost of natural gas, which is the major fuel used to generate electricity in Pakistan. The FPA can either increase or decrease your monthly electricity bill, depending on the changes in the cost of natural gas. The FPA is designed to protect consumers from sudden changes in the price of electricity and to ensure that MEPCO can recover its costs in a fair and transparent manner.

How is FPA calculated?

The FPA is calculated on a per unit basis. The FIPL i.e Fuel Information Price List published by NTDC every month serves as a guide for calculating the FPA. This list contains information regarding the prices of different fuels used in power generation plants such as HSD, LDO, Furnace Oil, etc.

To calculate the figures and actual amount, simply look at your most recent Mepco bill. The charges or costs will be listed on the bill, typically under the heading “Total Charges.” If you’re not sure where to find it, MEPco’s customer service representatives can assist you. Once you have your fpa, simply multiply it by the total amount of electricity used during the billing period. This will give you a figure or amount for that period.

After adding up the fuel charges of all these plants, a weighted average price per unit of fuel consumed is calculated. This weighted average price per unit along with other operating charges such as vegetation management charges, urea injected into the furnace for NOx reduction, maintenance charges of ESPs, etc. is called Elementary Fuel Charges or EFC Charges/unit. To recover this cost from customers, a surcharge on a per unit basis called Fuel Price Adjustment (FPA) is levied which appears as a separate head on monthly billing along with other heads such as energy charges, monthly minimum charges, and adjusted energy surcharge, etc…

It’s important to remember that fpa rates can change from month to month, so be sure to check your bill each month to see if the rate has changed.

Understanding FPA Tax in Electricity Bills: A Problem-Solving Guide

Electricity consumers in Pakistan often wonder why they have to pay FPA tax on their monthly bills. To shed light on this matter, it’s important to consider the challenges Pakistan faces in managing its electricity supply system. With limited resources and a struggling economy, Pakistan relies on imported fuel to meet its energy generation needs. Insufficient dam infrastructure further exacerbates the situation. As a result, consumers have to bear the burden of additional taxes on their electricity bills.

The government addresses this issue by engaging independent power producers (IPPs) to generate electricity using costly crude oil. These expenses are passed on to consumers in the form of fuel price adjustment (FPA) charges.

To grasp the entire process, let’s explore the fundamental steps involved in energy production and distribution:

Power Generation:

Electricity is generated through various methods such as hydropower, solar energy, thermal (coal), wind, or oil. The method employed for electricity generation directly influences the FPA charges on the electricity bill.


After generation, electricity is transmitted across different regions via power lines. These lines connect distribution grids and power plants.


Once energy is successfully transmitted, it is distributed to end-users, including residential and industrial consumers. Distribution responsibilities are assigned to different energy supply companies in Pakistan, such as MEPCO, LESCO, FESCO, PESCO, and others.

Electricity Consumption:

At this stage, consumers utilize the electricity for various domestic or commercial purposes.

Factors Influencing FPA in Electricity Bills:

The FPA amount on the electricity bill fluctuates based on factors like the dollar rate, fuel prices, and the country’s economic condition. Among these factors, fuel prices play a pivotal role in determining the FPA cost for a specific month. In Pakistan, power generation relies on coal, natural gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), oil, water, and solar energy. As the prices of these fuels increase, so does the FPA charge per unit of consumed energy.

Furthermore, the economic stability of a country indirectly affects the FPA price. When a nation depends on imported fuels, changes in the dollar rate impact the cost of purchasing fuel, leading to an increase in FPA charges on electricity bills.

Calculating FPA in the Electricity Bill:

The FPA adjustment value is subject to change, and the government seeks parliamentary approval before announcing the charges for each month. To calculate FPA charges, you need to know the current FPA rate and multiply it by your total electricity consumption.  Tax on FPA in electricity bills varies based on your electricity consumption, tariff rates, and the type of meter connection. FPA charges increase when consumption exceeds a specific limit. Additionally, whether you have a domestic or commercial meter connection significantly influences the cost of FPA. Other factors considered in FPA calculation include Electricity Duty and General Sales Tax charges.

Understanding the factors influencing FPA tax and how to calculate it empowers electricity consumers in Pakistan to comprehend their bills and make informed decisions about their energy consumption.


Fluctuations in fuel prices have a direct impact on MEPCO’s overall Expenses which ultimately increases the burden on customers, to reduce this burden Fuel Price Adjustment(FPA)is levied on a monthly basis.

Leave a Comment